Communication-Focused Therapy (CFT) is a psychotherapy developed by the author, which can be applied to a number of mental health conditions, including anxiety disorder and panic attacks. It focuses on creating greater awareness and insight into internal and external communication patterns and making changes to them. This also helps gain insight into the basic parameters, the needs, values and aspirations which are important for motivation and the direction of changes, behaviors and interactions with oneself and others.
Anxiety is an emotion characterized by an unpleasant state of inner turmoil, often accompanied by nervous behavior, such as pacing back and forth, somatic complaints, and rumination. It is the subjectively unpleasant feelings of dread over anticipated events, such as the feeling of imminent death. However, with psychotherapy or a combination of psychotherapy and medication anxiety disorders have become highly treatable. Since there is a high comorbidity with other conditions, such as depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), the use of an antidepressant for both the anxiety and depression can lead to significant improvements in the patient’s quality of life. This article explores the biology of anxiety and the different types of medication to treat it.
Anxiety disorder can be very debilitating. Between 15% and 20% of the population may at any point in time be affected by anxiety. From a communication perspective there is much that can be done to help a person suffering from anxiety with the help of psychotherapy. But medication can be an important and fast acting support in the process
Keywords: anxiety, generalized anxiety disorder, panic attacks, social anxiety, psychotherapy
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Panic attacks can interfere greatly with a patient’s social, professional and personal life. The first-line treatment is usually a combination of psychotherapy and medication. Medication broadly addresses two time horizons. In the short-run, benzodiazepines or benzodiazepine-like drugs reduces anxiety within twenty minutes to an hour, which is too long to treat an acute panic attack biologically, but which gives the patient a greater sense of control over the feelings of anxiety, which can in turn reduce anxiety and panic attacks. In the medium- to long-run, antidepressants with effectiveness on serotonergic pathways reduce or eliminate anxiety and the occurrence of panic attacks in the majority of patients. The group of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) is probably the best researched and clinically most widely used family of antidepressants for cases of anxiety and panic attack disorders.
Dr Jonathan Haverkampf, M.D. MLA (Harvard) LL.M. trained in medicine, psychiatry and psychotherapy and works in private practice for psychotherapy, counselling and psychiatric medication in Dublin, Ireland. He also has advanced degrees in management and law. The author can be reached by email at email@example.com on the websites www.jonathanhaverkampf.ie and www.jonathanhaverkampf.com.
This article is solely a basis for academic discussion and no medical advice can be given in this article, nor should anything herein be construed as advice. Always consult a professional if you believe you might suffer from a physical or mental health condition. Neither author nor publisher can assume any responsibility for using the information herein.
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